France defends Chad military takeover as needed to ensure stability
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[April 22, 2021]
By John Irish
PARIS (Reuters) - France's foreign minister
on Thursday defended a military takeover in Chad despite objections from
the opposition there, saying it was necessary for security amid
The son of Chad's slain leader Idriss Deby took over as president and
armed forces commander on Wednesday and dissolved the government and
parliament as rebel forces threatened to march on the capital.
Under the constitution, the speaker of the National Assembly should have
become interim president. But after the military had already shut down
parliament, speaker Haroun Kabadi said in a statement that "given the
military, security and political context", he had agreed to a military
transition "with full lucidity".
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said Kabadi's position
justified the military taking control.
"There are exceptional circumstances," Le Drian told France 2
television. "Logically, it should be Mr Kabadi...but he refused because
of the exceptional security reasons that were needed to ensure the
stability of this country."
Chad's political opposition has denounced the military's takeover, as
did an army general who said he spoke for many officers. Labour unions
called for a workers' strike.
Idriss Deby was killed on the frontlines of a battle against rebels who
had invaded from the north. An authoritarian ruler for more than 30
years, he was nonetheless a lynchpin in France's security strategy in
France has about 5,100 troops based across the region as part of
international operations to fight Islamist militants, including its main
base in N'Djamena.
Any instability in Chad, which has the region's best-trained and most
battled-hardened troops, would harm efforts to fight Boko Haram in the
Lake Chad Basin and groups linked to al Qaeda and Islamic State in the
[to top of second column]
People drive past a Chad army tank near the presidential palace,
after Chad's President Idriss Deby, who ruled the country for more
than 30 years and was an important Western ally, was killed on the
frontline in a battle against rebels in the north, in N'djamena,
Chad April 20, 2021. REUTERS/Oredje Narcisse
Deby's son, General Mahamat Idriss Deby, said on
Wednesday the army wanted to return power to a civilian government
and hold free and democratic elections in 18 months.
"We know that the military and France forced his hand," Yacine
Abderamane Sakine, president of the Reformist Party, told Reuters.
"The argument that the president of the National Assembly is old and
sick is not credible."
This had been a coup d'etat transferring power from father to son,
Le Drian, who will travel with President Emmanuel Macron on Friday
for Deby's funeral and to hold talks with the military council, made
no mention of the 18-month time frame.
He said the priority was for the military council to play the main
role in ensuring stability and then turn its attention to a peaceful
and transparent transition to democracy.
"It's the moment for it to be done when the security of the country
has really been established," Le Drian said.
He did not expect Chadian troops to pullout from operations
elsewhere in the Sahel region.
The rebels, the Libyan-based Front for Change and Concord in Chad, a
group formed by dissident army officers, rejected the military's
plan and said on Wednesday that a pause in hostilities they are
observing to give time for Deby to be buried would end at midnight.
(Additional reporting by Mahamat Ramadane in N’Djamena, Editing by
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